What is now considered.. the superhero era is from 1961 -> after Marvel became Marvel and re-introduced a genre that had faded after WWII. Superman, Batman, Captain America were actually around in the 1940’s.
It was when Marvel brought out the Fantastic Four.. a disfuntional family working through their issues.. as well as what to do with really odd powers… then the spider teen geek and the jeckly and hyde Hulk.. that the superhero era was reborn.
Do not judge the old (60’s -> 80’s) comics & characters by the latest movies. Though the movies are okay.. they are trying to cram 30+ years of character development into a few hours of movie time. Spider man had mechanical webshooters. HE created the stickem and the web spinner. Many Marvel ‘What If’ stories tried to show what would have happened if someone else had been bitten… all strength, no web shooters, etc. In most cases, it was that unique combo of spider induced powers AND teen geek inventive-ness that made Spider-Man the spidey fans know and love today.
Plus.. in the 60’s most male teen readers could identify with a teen geek.. who got grief from the jocks and chilled by the popular girls. Same for many other Marvel titles/heroes… Marvel tried harder to make them have character rather than ‘just muscles in spandex underwear’. They sort of veered away from that by the mid to late 80’s.. and have gone totally brain dead since most of the guys from DC have now started working at Marvel (those same guys who nearly killed DC with the death of Superman crap and multiple covers of a single issue… to cater to the collectors.. which made the comics soon worthless as compared to the old old collections, etx.)
BUT I rant …. I was a collector since 1963, when they were still selling for 12 cents! Unfortunately, I had to sell my entire collection in the late 90’s ….. and it killed a part of me. Those were good friends who I had grown up with…. Spider dude, Captain America, and all.
These days, I look more toward new characters or independent comics to see the art and how well someone does as a story weaver rather than…. making all males and females look like steroid enhanced freaks with teenie heads.
As for females… sometimes, they get it right. A long run of Supergirl. Wonder Woman off and on. She-Hulk. Briefly, Mizz Marvel. And some others. They may be ‘just comics’ but sometimes the writers and artists ‘get it right’ and create a work worth appreciating and that can tell a story worthy of many novels on the shelves today.